Being pregnant is a roadblock to many women in business. American businesses are not required by law to provide paid leave to employees who are pregnant. The Family Medical Leave Act is the only requirement for the federal government for employers. Not all employers qualify for the Family Medical Leave Act and not all employees qualify for FMLA. Not providing a paid maternity leave deters female workers from having families. When female employees have children, the lack of paid leave hurts their mental, social, and physical health. Despite the fact that the Family Medical Leave Act offers leave for many employees and some American companies offer a variety of types of leave, the lack of paid leave as a benefit is a direct cause of psychological, physical, and social issues for an employee.
Johnson, Clare M., "Lack of Leave is a Lack of Love: A Review of Parental Leave and Mental Health, Physical Health, and Economic Stress" (2022). Celebrating Scholarship and Creativity Day. 205.