School of Theology and Seminary Graduate Papers/Theses

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Date of Award


Document Type

Graduate Paper

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Monastic Studies


School of Theology and Seminary

First Advisor

Mary Forman, SOB

Subject Categories

Christianity | Practical Theology


The purpose of this paper is to describe a concept of monastic formation for my community based on my research and reflection on formation process, in the light of the parable of the sower. This paper will first discuss the basic problem of approaching monastic formation from an adaptive perspective rather than from a transformative perspective. Each stage of formation has its own challenges, its graces and its problems. Therefore, the main part of this paper looks closely at each stage of formation: pre· monastic life, novitiate, monasticate, and ongoing formation, based on the Constitutions of the Cistercian Order of the Strict Observance and its Ratio Institutionis- guidelines on formation. In addition, I have also considered the role of Indonesian culture in monastic formation. Finally, this paper concludes with a reflection on monastic spirituality which is the search for God. The deepest desire of human beings to be united with God is the goal of monastic life. Monastics are transformed to reach this goal through their fidelity of practicing lectio divina, which becomes the main source of monastic formation in which God alone, through the power of the Holy Spirit, is the main formator.


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