School of Theology and Seminary Graduate Papers/Theses

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Date of Award


Document Type

Graduate Paper

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Church History


School of Theology and Seminary

First Advisor

Daniel Buchanan

Subject Categories

Christianity | History of Christianity | Religion


Christianity is a universal religion, present in almost every culture. However, Christians were only a minority sub-culture at the beginning. During its development, Christianity has encountered various confrontations of the local cultures. The Church always made an effort to adapt Christianity to the culture without losing its identification.

In this paper, I primarily reflect on two cases of confrontation and compromise, both of which happened between the Church and the empire. The first case was in Roman Empire after Constantine; the second case was in Chinese Empire of the 17th century. I try to compare these two cases, and find out some clue for their different results. I hope that such comparison will be useful for the research of the future mission in China.


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