Document Type

Thesis

Publication Date

Spring 2017

Advisor

Clark Cotton, Biology

Abstract

The purpose of this analysis was to compare measures of total and regional body composition using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in NCAA Division I collegiate equestrian athletes to a group of age, sex and BMI-matched non-athlete, college students. Thirty-one female collegiate equestrian athletes were matched to a population of normal, non-athlete college students by age (19.8±0.2 vs. 19.8±0.2 yrs.), body mass index (22.3±0.4 vs. 22.6±0.4 kg/m2), and ethnicity. Total and regional fat tissue mass (FM), lean tissue mass (LM), bone mineral density (BMD), and abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were measured by DXA. Paired t-tests assessed total and regional differences between equestrian athletes and controls. In female equestrian athletes, there were no significant differences found in total FM, total LM, and VAT compared to the controls. However, equestrian athletes when compared to the controls had significantly higher Leg FM (7.0± 0.3 kg vs. 8.0±0.4 kg) and Leg LM (1.4± 0.4 kg vs. 1.3±0.3 kg) (p

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