The Textile and Apparel Industries in Mauritius: An economic examination of growth between 1971 and 1998

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Economics | Social and Behavioral Sciences


Margaret Lewis, Economics


In the period from 1971 to 1998 the economy of the small island nation of Mauritius experienced very high levels of growth relative to other nations in Sub-Saharan Africa. Previous work shows that a great deal of this growth was facilitated by the growing presence of textile and apparel industries in the economy throughout the period. These industries experienced five distinct phases for growth between 1971 and 1998. The following analysis will examine what factors created these stages of growth. Specifically, the examination will center on how capital, labor, and total factor productivity contributed differently during the five stages. Once the sources of growth have been identified, the analysis will turn to explaining what policies and economic conditions at large worked to affect these factors of production. Through this examination, it will be possible analyze what factors created the different stages of growth in the textile and apparel industries and show how these factors affected both aggregate and per worker output from 1971 to 1998.