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Multicultural Psychology | Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences


Lisa Platt, Psychology


The current study sought to reveal relationships between self-esteem, conscientiousness, perceived parenting styles, and family functioning among Hmong (N = 42) and Caucasian (N = 45) populations. A convenience sample of undergraduate college students participated in an online survey. Utilized measures included the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Family Assessment Device, the Parental Authority Questionnaire (short version), the International Personality Item Pool Conscientiousness Scale, and a demographic questionnaire. The results revealed no significant difference in self-esteem or general familial stress between Hmong and Caucasian individuals, but Caucasian individuals were found to be more conscientious and have more familial role stress. There was no significant difference revealed in perceived authoritarian parenting styles between these two groups, but exploratory analysis revealed Hmong mothers to be both significantly more authoritarian and permissive than Caucasian mothers. The implication of these results are considered and offer a deeper understanding of Hmong and Caucasian individuals, especially in relation to their families.