Practitioners of Aikido advance the claim, peculiar to many, that martial training can support moral action. This essay examines the claim by exploring communicative structures implicit in the response to attack made possible by this art's techniques. This exploration reveals three dimensions of intersubjectivity embedded in the practice of Aikido, dimensions that explicate the ethical imperative of the art.
Wright, Charles W., "Preserving Moral Recognition in the Face of Aggression: Aikido as a Practice of Physical Intersubjectivity" (2013). Philosophy Faculty Publications. 9.