Global Strategies for Peace and Justice
Many studies of social movements have been state‐centric, ignoring social movements’ long history and current practice of activism that transcends state boundaries. The last three decades, however, have seen a dramatic growth in transnational activism in such issue arenas as peace, human rights, women's rights, and the environment. Similarly, the demise of the bipolar, Cold War world of the superpowers has created an opportunity for nonstate actors and intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), such as the United Nations, to become more active internationally. In this essay we briefly survey a range of forms of transnational activism, drawing our examples primarily from the human rights and peace movements.
Pagnucco, Ron, and David Atwood. “Global Strategies for Peace and Justice.” Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice 6, no. 4 (1994): 411-418.