This thesis examines Norman bishops and abbots, either as armed combatants, or commanders of military forces in Normandy, and later in England after 1066. Focusing primarily on the roles of bishops, other accounts of martial feats by other Norman clergy are also examined. The use of justified force and later the sanctioned use of violence by secular clergy is explored to better understand the rational perceived by the clergy when acting as ‘soldiers of God. These accounts of Norman bishops participating in combat show a natural progression of a tradition that was discouraged by reformers but embraced by secular rulers.
Martin, Timothy R.. 2020. Mitre and Sword: Fighting Norman Bishops and Clergy. Obsculta 13, (1) : 120-133. https://digitalcommons.csbsju.edu/obsculta/vol13/iss1/11.