The Land of Two Goddesses: Indigenous and Christian Religiosity in the Andes

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In 1700’s Bolivia, an anonymous indigenous painter joined, in the same image, the Pachamama (divinity of the land in the Andean world) and the Virgin Mary (mother of Jesus in the Catholic world). In 1904 the Oruro Diablada was institutionalized. It represents simultaneously the rebellion and submission of Andean religiosity to Christianity. Both cultural expressions unite, in the same epistemological and theological object, the presence of two divinities – one indigenous and the other Christian – whose religious equivalence persists until today. This lecture will explore through them the tension between the colonial legacy and globalization.

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