Kichwa substrate in Ecuadorean Spanish
The lexical influence of Kichwa in Ecuadorean Spanish is obvious but not extensive according to Willem Adelaar, but there is some evidence provided in the existing colloquial expressions and words in the Imbabura region for example (Bolanos-Fabres 2015) that indicate that the reach of this indigenous language is more extensive than anticipated. A Fulbright grant facilitated this inquiry and the oral samples collected over the course of two years in Ecuador are summarized in this presentation.
Bolanos, Patricia, "Kichwa substrate in Ecuadorean Spanish" (2019). Forum Lectures. 400.