Jason M. Schlude
For almost 500 years (247 BCE–224 CE), the Arsacid kings of Parthia ruled over a vast multicultural empire, which encompassed much of central Asia and the Near East. The inhabitants of this empire included a complex patchwork of Hellenized Greek-speaking elites, Iranian nobility, and semi-nomadic Asian tribesman, all of whom had their own competing cultural and economic interests. Ruling over such a diverse group of subjects required a strong military and careful diplomacy on the part of the Arsacids, who faced the added challenge of competing with the Roman empire for control of the Near East. This collection of new papers examines the cross-cultural interactions among the Arsacids, Romans, and local elites from a variety of scholarly perspectives. Contributors include experts in the fields of ancient history, archaeology, classics, Near Eastern studies, and art history, all of whom participated in a multiyear panel at the annual conference of the American Schools of Oriental Research between 2012 and 2014. The seven chapters investigate different aspects of war, diplomacy, trade, and artistic production as mechanisms of cross-cultural communication and exchange in the Parthian empire. Arsacids, Romans, and Local Elites will prove significant for those interested in the legacy of Hellenistic and Achaemenid art and ideology in the Parthian empire, the sometimes under-appreciated role of diplomacy in creating and maintaining peace in the ancient Middle East, and the importance of local dynasts in kingdoms like Judaea, Osrhoene, and Hatra in shaping the geopolitical landscape of the Near East, alongside the imperial powerhouses of Rome and Parthia.
Since the first installment of Dunnett’s series was published in 1961, Francis Crawford of Lymond, the swashbuckling protagonist of the stories, has been captivating his fellow characters and readers alike. Instead of approaching the books primarily as historical fiction, Richardson, an enthusiastic admirer of the series, unravels the complexities of the main character by exploring his psychology, positioning the books within the genre of espionage, and examining Dunnett’s strategy of using games in her writing. Richardson’s insight and passion for his subject will inspire fans to revisit Dunnett’s series.
The narrator of the Iliad and the Odyssey[…]belongs neither to the stories he tells nor to the real world. He is not a fictional character living in the heroic world of the epic, nor is he the historical author known as Homer.[…]This metacharacter, the Homeric narrator, is the subject of the present study. [from the Introduction]
Donald Richardson and Scott Richardson
There have been some excellent efforts by modern translators in rendering the choral parts of Aristophanes’ comedies as discernibly entertaining songs, but so far there has been little serious endeavor toward doing the same with the songs of tragedy. This translation is an attempt to do that. The songs herein are unmistakably songs. The content, tone, and themes of each are strictly Euripides’; their formats and musical idioms are modern.
Because this is not a line-for-line translation and because we have taken liberties with the lyrics, we are calling this an adaptation rather than a translation. In our own minds it is a translation, however, for it is more in keeping with the spirit of Iphigenia at Aulis than any other version we know of.
Music has been composed for all the songs. It has been arranged for keyboard, guitar, bass, and drums and is available through either collaborator upon request. [from the Preface]