We demonstrate Rabi oscillations of small numbers of 87Rb atoms between ground and Rydberg states with n≤43. Coherent population oscillations are observed for single atoms, while the presence of two or more atoms decoheres the oscillations. We show that these observations are consistent with van der Waals interactions of Rydberg atoms.
© 2008 The American Physical Society
Johnson TA, Urban E, Henage T, Isenhower L., Yavuz DD, Walker TG, Saffman M. 2008. Rabi oscillations between ground and Rydberg states with dipole-dipole atomic interactions. Physical Review Letters 100: 113003.