Title

Competitive, Cooperative, and Individualistic Group Environments: Effects on Job Satisfaction and Performance

Document Type

Thesis

Publication Date

2000

Advisor

Steve Stelzner, Psychology

Abstract

The effects of task interdependence (competition, cooperation, and individualism) on job satisfaction and performance were investigated. Students from two Catholic, liberal arts colleges completed a creative thinking task in one of four conditions: group competition, cooperation, individual competition, and individual. Rather than supporting the hypotheses, the results indicated that students in the competitive conditions had superior performance to students in non-competitive conditions, and job satisfaction was generally unaffected by the condition students participated in. Trait competitiveness of the participants was also measured in order to determine whether it had a relationship with performance and job satisfaction. A strong relationship between trait competitiveness and performance/job satisfaction was not shown, indicating that the levels of competitiveness of the participants did not affect the results. Several potential explanations, such as validity of the job satisfaction scale, the type of task used, and the testing environment were discussed as elements to consider for further research.

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