Personality and Leadership Profiles of 2016 Presidential Candidates Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump

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Aubrey Immelman presents the psychological profiles of the Democratic and Republican nominees in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. The presentation outlines the leadership implications of the profiles and compares the nominees’ scores on the locally developed Presidential Electability Index (PEI), which has accurately predicted the outcome of every presidential election since 1996.


View the personality profile of Hillary Clinton

View the personality profile of Donald Trump

View the Presidential Electability Index election-outcome projection

Biographical sketch

Aubrey Immelman, Ph.D. is an associate professor of psychology at St. John’s University and the College of St. Benedict.

His research program since coming to CSB/SJU in 1991 has focused on the psychology and leadership characteristics of presidential candidates.

Immelman’s research has been published in the academic journals Political Psychology and Leadership Quarterly and he has written chapters on the psychological assessment of presidential candidates for the Handbook of Psychology and the Handbook of Personology and Psychopathology.

He has served as a national security consultant in the areas of psychological operations and worked with the U.S. military from 2003 to 2005 develop a nuclear deterrence program with respect to North Korea.

Immelman’s research has been featured on CNN, Fox News Channel, MSNBC, the Discovery Channel, numerous radio programs, and dozens of newspapers in the United States and abroad, including the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Los Angeles Times, Time magazine, and Psychology Today.

Since 1999, Immelman and his students in the Unit for the Study of Personality in Politics — the faculty–student collaborative research program he established at CSB/SJU — have published approximately 100 articles on the psychological and leadership characteristics of presidential candidates.

Hillary-Clinton_poster_July-2016.jpg (604 kB)
Research poster: Personality profile of Hillary Clinton

Trump-poster-2016.jpg (612 kB)
Research poster: Personality profile of Donald Trump

MIDC-profiles_HillaryClinton-DonaldTrump.JPG (63 kB)